casinos en ligne Le craps en ligne argent reel best online slots for real money internet casino slot machine us slots real video slots play us casino for real money debit cards casinos http://bestonlinecasinos2013.com best casino


Motor Vehicles and Carbon Emissions - A General Overview

The motor vehicles that operate in the world today account for a significant percentage of carbon emissions released by man. Of course, the U.S. accounts for half of all global warming linked to cars worldwide. In 2004 carbon dioxide emissions from personal vehicles in the United States equaled 314 million metric tons. That’s a significant number. The U.S. is responsible for half of all the emissions and pollution from cars in the world!

The are many reasons why our cars and trucks are responsible for a major portion of air pollution. In America we are known for having our big SUV’s monster trucks, gas guzzling sports cars, etc. We consume an incredible amount of fuel, and up until recently we haven’t done much to curb our consumption.

In 2004 U.S. cars and light trucks drove 2.6 trillion miles. Which is the equivalent of 10 MILLION TRIPS from the earth to the moon! The average fuel economy of those cars were 19.6 miles per gallon (now fuel economy has gone up to the low 20s). The gasoline in our cars has about 5.3 pounds of carbon per gallon. Annually we are each responsible for putting 1.5 tons of carbon in the air from the exhaust from the fuel in our cars and trucks.

From our cars and trucks we are raising the temperature of the atmosphere, killing animals, causing cancer, respiratory problems, and a lot more. Thankfully things are starting to turn around (slowly).

Originally a few companies decided to introduce electric cars to a small segment of the market back in the early 90s. These cars had a short run and in total, the numbers of cars sold was tiny. The majority of these cars looked ugly/weak, had no power, cost a ton, and had a horrible driving range. It was argued that the car companies which released electric cars at the time were doing it more for publicity than to actual produce a good product it wished to sell. Car companies knew that oil was still in and the small niche of people who wanted cleaner cars didn’t represent a major portion of the market of car buyers, by any means. So a few companies put out their electric cars in small numbers (50-100k) ended the electric car models, and that was it.

Not much else happened in terms of advancement as a whole industry for clean cars in the 90s. There were technological improvements of course, but no company saw the “Green Car” market as being profitable so they had no reason to produce a car with a high fuel economy.

In The early 2000s things began to change. Oil prices went up through the roof (now oil prices are just unbelievable) and many more average people started realizing just how important it is to curb and reduce emissions, stop pollution, and hopefully save the earth.

Let’s move on to what has changed the market. We are presented with the Toyota Prius. This car has a fuel economy of about 45 miles per gallon, one of the highest fuel economy vehicles you can buy for a standard sedan. This car is a hybrid. It efficiently consumes gasoline and uses electricity generated by the motor to also move the vehicle. This combination of using electricity and gasoline to power a car is a lot more efficient than using gasoline to run a car alone.

There are now many cars on the market that come in Hybrid Models, and Hybrid Exclusive Models. In fact, by Christmas this year Cadillac is releasing a hybrid Escalade SUV. The Escalade is known for complete luxury and horrible fuel economy. The hybrid Escalade will offer about 22 miles per gallon, compared to the 12 - 14 miles per gallon previous model.

Besides personal automobiles, Volvo has begun testing Hybrid Garbage Trucks. These trucks run on Diesel Engines (Which is a lot cleaner than they used to be) and Lithium-ion battery packs. The trucks use electric motors to power them when they accelerate up to 12mph. After that, the diesel motors kick in. These trucks are expected to have 30% less carbon emissions than their non-hybrid equivalents and may be put out in full production if trials go well this year.

Electric cars were also seen as weak too. Technology now offers us Lithium-ion batteries that can store huge amounts of power. Thus, there are specialized companies developing electric cars that were unimaginable just a decade ago.

There’s a company called Tesla Motors based in California, that is designing a sports car called the “Tesla Roadster”. This car looks amazing and has the power of a sports car. It can go over 200 miles on a single 3 hours charge, and it can accelerate from 0 to 60mph in about 4 seconds. The car costs an arm and a leg but major advancements from sports cars like these usually find their way into the common consumer marketplace. It’s also at least 1/4th the price to charge the electric car than to pay the price of gas for an equivalent fuel consuming model.

We have discussed electric motors, hybrid motor cars and trucks, and now I’m presenting you with the final design that will increase fuel economy to cars and trucks that should ultimately help reduce emissions put in the atmosphere by a major amount.

Companies (Ford, Toyota, GM to name a few) are developing hybrid electric cars. Which combine all three sources of power to increase the fuel economy of cars to 100-200 miles per gallon / charge. The car works by running on gasoline (smaller fuel tanks as well), it gets charged, and it also stores and uses energy produced from a hybrid drive system. All three systems work together to compliment each other and offer a huge driving range for the vehicle. 1000 Miles Per charge/fill up are what the manufacturers are aiming for. These cars and crossovers will be released in about 2 years and should make their way into trucks in about 6 years.

In conclusion, motor vehicles have been a huge source of pollution for America and the world for the last hundred years. The major car companies and governments are finally starting to see profits and necessity in curbing emission limits and delivering consumers better solutions. Eventually gasoline will be cut out of the equation but for now hybrid and hybrid electric engines will gain traction.

 

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.


  • teen asian ass pee mgp
  • petite bateau baby clothes on sale
  • video
  • online indian rough sex videos
  • teens having sex free online videos
  • online erotic mexican videos
  • petite dorthy costume cheap
  • video
  • video
  • hien cam sex videos online
  • women porn free movies online
  • video
  • free black adult movies online
  • wife fuck buy
  • buy asian girls
  • free online teen porn movies
  • online porn videos free instant
  • teen naked sexy porn online
  • video
  • sex porn free videos online
  • video
  • video
  • indian sex mujra videos online
  • video
  • free porn videos online for free
  • free womens erotic porn stories online
  • free xxx porn videos free online
  • sister brother sex pics free online
  • z blowjob videos online free
  • free online videos asian milf
  • video
  • free mature vids online
  • free online asian porno videos
  • video
  • married sex videos online
  • mail order bride sex video
  • video
  • watch free online sex movies
  • video
  • teen costumes for girls
  • free online porn videos on
  • video
  • free membership free online asian porn
  • erotic online teen blowjob stories
  • free online videos of girls scissoring
  • video
  • video
  • japan geisha girls costumes
  • video
  • free online indian sex videos
  • tinyteen porn videos forsale
  • asian mature women xxx cheap
  • video
  • black widow free online hentai video
  • xxx sex in costumes pics
  • video
  • amateur xxx videos for sale
  • video
  • Sexy girls video online
  • teen girls halloween costumes
  • free online porn video black ice
  • hot sex video free online
  • Watch tamil sex movies online
  • video
  • video porn share online
  • erotic lesbian online stories
  • lesbian sales girl
  • discount dvd porn black balled
  • teen girls wallpaper borders
  • japan geisha girls costumes
  • video
  • california asian dreamgirls hawaii
  • video
  • video
  • full girls gone wild videos online
  • buy hardcore movies xxx boxxx
  • top online asian porn webistes
  • free online black dicks midget
  • free online sex vids father daughter
  • wacth free porn videos online
  • free costume porn videos
  • free online photos mature women sexy
  • free movies online tits
  • video
  • young thai girls for sale
  • Big boobs online video
  • sexy teens pics halloween costumes
  • girls japanese imgboards
  • hardcore teen youmg porn movies
  • watch online hardcore porn free
  • video
  • video
  • watch free online ebony videos
  • sex scenes from young adam online
  • video
  • freeonline black movies
  • great anal sex toys for cheap
  • pussy dvds for sale
  • video
  • free sex videos online mike
  • vhs movies for sale mature
  • free anal sex online
  • lesbian sex videos free online
  • free online eating out sex videos
  • black friday sales beauty
  • Sex lesbian online
  • free online porn movies tube
  • erotic massage online video free
  • video
  • hien cam sex videos online
  • freexxx farmgirls movies porn
  • buy porn movies and sex toys
  • video
  • sex online webcam membership
  • throat disorder pictures
  • video
  • teeny anal online watch now
  • vintage blonde hairy farmgirl
  • video
  • youngest teen porn online free
  • highest quality online porn tubes videos
  • megyn price bikini pictures
  • free mature vids online
  • rosa acosta sexy ass and tits
  • video
  • plug buying guide butt anal
  • video
  • young women need a fuck buy
  • free online teen shemale porn
  • fucks girl online video
  • video
  • longest free porn videos online
  • ugg boots girls black sale
  • video
  • free teen sex online
  • black hole the movie online
  • naked pictures of kate price
  • e online cancels party girl show
  • sex movies online free porn
  • free online black cunt fucking videos
  • video
  • sex fuck online rooms
  • online free video indian sex sites
  • video
  • elitetvonline nipple or pussy slip
  • video
  • free erotic sex pics online
  • free online porn full movies
  • teen asian mail order brides uncovered
  • working girls online movie
  • free online lesbian porn hentai
  • rent porn movie online
  • free ebony hardcore porn online
  • free online porn videos couples
  • video
  • free online black teen porn videos
  • video
  • online sex videos hardcore
  • video
  • free hardcore sex vids online
  • video
  • webcam teens online
  • video
  • video
  • video
  • young women need a fuck buy
  • studio xxx amateur hour online
  • black beauties for sale
  • video
  • video
  • girls gone wild online video
  • free naked french girls online vidios
  • japanese girl halloween costume
  • video
  • jayde nicole free online sex video
  • buy softcore porn videos
  • free pornstar online porn movies
  • porn moviesfor sale
  • free online interracial adult movies
  • amateur online video sharing
  • online videos of girls
  • girls masturbate movies online free
  • watch videos online from russia porn
  • petite jag jeans corderoy
  • pictures of tv ines rosales tits
  • online free video indian sex sites
  • free online threesome sex video
  • online girls sex videos
  • asian girlfriend mgp
  • video
  • erotic movies stream free online
  • watch deep throat movie online free
  • porn movie with victorian period costumes
  • best underground porn videos online
  • sexy jit girl kick ass costume
  • free black online lesbian scenes
  • buy a teenie girl in waukesha
  • buy size petite womens jeans
  • free online porn mature black dick
  • video
  • Katie price nude photos
  • free online sex n erotic stories
  • free hot pussy video online
  • dvd porn amateur for sale
  • petite adult sizes halloween costumes
  • video
  • sexy bikini on sale
  • free online s with naked teens
  • free online sleeping porn vids
  • video
  • video
  • adult online hardcore xxx stories
  • greenie petite bone for sale
  • lomg porn video
  • video
  • online videos family sex
  • free pics sale womens pussy
  • omg sexy porno babes searchspy rules
  • Miss teen pageant videos nudist online
  • sexy costume teens
  • fuck buy sex video
  • cheap black porn dvd
  • xxx free sex pmg
  • video
  • teen gallery img
  • asian xxx mgps free
  • free webcam sex online private
  • azain girl fucked buy shemale
  • kick ass video sales
  • freen online porn videos
  • katie price pussy pics
  • dick suck porn online
  • watch deep throat the movie online
  • cheap sex toys and movies
  • r kelly sex video watch online
  • little caprice facial video
  • mail order petite jeans size chart
  • video
  • black chics eatimg pussy
  • dvd porn amateur for sale
  • katie price naked movie
  • video
  • sexy pin up girl halloween costumes
  • free online teen nudism
  • free indian muslimgirls pussy
  • petite online alog
  • christine young online porn videos
  • video
  • poker online porn video
  • vampires suck movie free online
  • free sex with camgirls
  • Kate beckinsale sex pics
  • sexy couples costume
  • video
  • amateur man jack off video sale
  • Sexy teens online
  • watch free erotic movies online
  • video
  • video
  • teen nerd halloween costumes girls
  • omg huge dick sex
  • online free big tits movies
  • swingers online video free preview
  • online mature sex
  • video
  • teen naked sexy porn online
  • porn site buy pictures
  • video
  • video
  • young free online porn movies
  • couples having sex online live free
  • ebony fucking videos online
  • video
  • free online hairy mature porno videos
  • hardcore free online porn videos
  • free online female orgasm videos
  • video
  • watch sexiest erotic movies online free
  • video
  • free online goth sex videos
  • flashing girls online
  • online chinese movie sex
  • free online vintage porn movies
  • girl moaning sexonline noise cod
  • video
  • hardcore momgallery pages
  • online video ebony porn
  • cheap movies of pussy shaving
  • video
  • oral sex and free dvds online
  • porn pictures online asian
  • video
  • video
  • Katie price nude photos
  • mature sexy videos online free
  • video
  • katie price pussy pics
  • free online sex videos brazzers
  • free online vintage movie deep throat
  • online sex moviesdownload
  • celebrity porn movies online
  • video
  • watch movies erotic online
  • free online videos asian milf
  • video
  • glamour porn mgp
  • very sexy teen costumes
  • ebony magazine dreamgirls photo
  • watch online movie sex scenes
  • free online pregnant fisting porn movies
  • Mood disorders in teens
  • young online porn cams
  • free online video sexy hardcore teens
  • sexy costumes for large breasts
  • video
  • fucks girl online video
  • free online erotic sex videos
  • video
  • granny porn online videos
  • asian porn movies free online
  • video on girls fingering themselves online
  • free online asian subtitled movies
  • girls fingering girls videos online
  • short online erotic movies
  • video
  • free online forced sex porn movies
  • ideas for framing borders couples pictures
  • homemade porn tube movies in costume
  • free xxx porn videos free online
  • watch black love movies online freee
  • wholesale junior petite xs
  • online erotic stories from black authors
  • video
  • free online video blowjob women
  • best porn videos online
  • lesbian trainimg flashplayer free porn videos
  • free online lesbian fuck videos
  • free naked sexy girls online
  • video
  • farmgirl amateur sex
  • japan adult movie online
  • cartoon online see sex video
  • free online mature grandpa sex stories
  • latinas porn videos online
  • british asian sex videos online
  • free online porn videos young teens
  • youngest sex buy dvd
  • free online erotic art gallery
  • cheap movies of pussy shaving
  • video
  • video
  • free sex and porn videos online
  • video of blonde kids online
  • watch dreamgirls tori black
  • guide to oral sex online
  • professional tv lesbians movie online sex
  • video
  • video
  • first time lesbian free online porn
  • costume porn pictures
  • buy black moon movie
  • member free porn price lesbian
  • video
  • video
  • video for couples free online
  • asian mail order wives free
  • online sex video girls ears
  • buying amateur teen sex vids
  • free online goth sex videos
  • homemade couples videos for sale
  • free online hardcore pornos
  • teen girl costume
  • sexy sales promotion girls
  • free online teen sex world
  • sexy little girls costumes
  • video
  • ebony videos online
  • costa mesa thong teen gallery
  • buying discreet lesbian porn
  • video online strip poker girl
  • handjob free movie online
  • young girls shoes wholesaler
  • free online xxx hardcore porn forced
  • cheap asian xxx dvd
  • free online pictures of girls
  • free online videos lesbians having sex
  • online porn free movies
  • porn buy movie anal beads
  • japanese girls in costumes
  • costa rica girls for sex
  • young teen fuck videos online
  • robin hood teenage girl costume
  • Naked girls online
  • brutal sex videos online
  • video
  • documentary female free online orgasm video
  • black free online porn movies
  • free online couples porn videos
  • free online naked pictures of celebities
  • hbo movie asian mailorder bride bigamist